"Choosing land in ancient China is called"Xiangdi", which is the first element of construction. Since the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, site selection has been carried on for more than 2500 years. After observing and studying, he found that no matter the ancient buildings such as government offices, ancient temples or prefectures, they all pay great attention to this, and they can be preserved to this day, and become the carrier of ancient civilization and witness of historical civilization, which is closely related to the carefully chosen place of the original founders.
Why do Chinese people pay so much attention to the choice of land? It is basically in line with the concept of "harmony between man and nature" of the Chinese nation. "There are usually three factors to consider when choosing a place." He said that the first is useful convenience and economy, followed by a good natural environment, in addition to meeting the basic requirements of geomantic omen, and different types of ancient buildings have their own preferences.
For example, the site selection of temples should be suitable for the needs of religious activities, or famous mountains, rivers, cliffs, valleys, or downtown cities, or villages. We should not only avoid mountain torrents, resist strong winds and no wild animals, but also enclose walls, which are quiet and elegant, suitable for believers'practice and convenient for residents' intercourse. When it was created, it was not restrained. It was fascinating that temples and temples were integrated into nature. Another example is that ancient villages are located close to mountains but not near mountains in order to prevent natural disasters such as debris flows and landslides, and close to water but not to water, which is convenient for day and day and to prevent the threat of storms and floods. In addition, the topography of our country is high in the northwest, low in the southeast, and the northwest wind is dominant. Therefore, whether temples or houses are located in the north, most of them are sitting in the north to the south.
In the process of choosing the place, China has formed a unique geomantic civilization, such as Beijing Zhoukoudian Hilltop Cave Human Settlement. According to archaeologists'research and analysis, the primitive people in Beijing knew how to shelter from the wind, face the sun, approach the water and access dredging when choosing the place of residence in Zhoukoudian. This is the earliest geomantic omen in China and the most basic condition for people to choose the place of residence.
Nevertheless, there are still many taboos in geomantic omen in our country that are puzzling. For example, many large ancient buildings such as houses, cemeteries, palaces, temples and government offices are not located on the meridian, but slightly sideways. The front courtyard and backyard, front hall and rear hall, front door and back door in the construction group do not correspond to the front and back lines of each construction, but also slightly to the side. Again, many ancient courtyard gates are mostly located in the south, southeast and East directions, with southeast as the most, and rarely in the southwest and northeast. Legend has it that these two directions are taboo, but the detailed reasons are unknown.
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